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Accurate modeling of temporal correlations in rapidly sampled fMRI time series

Corbin, N; Todd, N; Friston, KJ; Callaghan, MF; (2018) Accurate modeling of temporal correlations in rapidly sampled fMRI time series. Human Brain Mapping , 39 (10) pp. 3884-3897. 10.1002/hbm.24218. Green open access

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Abstract

Rapid imaging techniques are increasingly used in functional MRI studies because they allow a greater number of samples to be acquired per unit time, thereby increasing statistical power. However, temporal correlations limit the increase in functional sensitivity and must be accurately accounted for to control the false-positive rate. A common approach to accounting for temporal correlations is to whiten the data prior to estimating fMRI model parameters. Models of white noise plus a first-order autoregressive process have proven sufficient for conventional imaging studies, but more elaborate models are required for rapidly sampled data. Here we show that when the "FAST" model implemented in SPM is used with a well-controlled number of parameters, it can successfully prewhiten 80% of grey matter voxels even with volume repetition times as short as 0.35 s. We further show that the temporal signal-to-noise ratio (tSNR), which has conventionally been used to assess the relative functional sensitivity of competing imaging approaches, can be augmented to account for the temporal correlations in the time series. This amounts to computing the t-score testing for the mean signal. We show in a visual perception task that unlike the tSNR weighted by the number of samples, the t-score measure is directly related to the t-score testing for activation when the temporal correlations are correctly modeled. This score affords a more accurate means of evaluating the functional sensitivity of different data acquisition options.

Type: Article
Title: Accurate modeling of temporal correlations in rapidly sampled fMRI time series
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/hbm.24218
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24218
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Accelerated acquisitions, functional MRI, functional sensitivity, prewhitening, temporal correlation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050754
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