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Sex-Mediated Response to the Beta-Blocker Landiolol in Sepsis: An Experimental, Randomized Study

Mathieu, C; Desrois, M; Kober, F; Lalevée, N; Lan, C; Fourny, N; Iché-Torres, M; ... Leone, M; + view all (2018) Sex-Mediated Response to the Beta-Blocker Landiolol in Sepsis: An Experimental, Randomized Study. Critical Care Medicine , 46 (7) e684-e691. 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003146. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate any gender effect of the beta-1 adrenergic blocker, landiolol, on cardiac performance and energy metabolism in septic rats, and to explore the expression of genes and proteins involved in this process. DESIGN: Randomized animal study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male and female Wistar rats. INTERVENTIONS: One hour after cecal ligation and puncture, male and female rats were randomly allocated to the following groups: sham male, cecal ligation and puncture male, cecal ligation and puncture + landiolol male, sham female, cecal ligation and puncture female, and cecal ligation and puncture + landiolol female. Cardiac MRI was carried out 18 hours after cecal ligation and puncture to assess in vivo cardiac function. Ex vivo cardiac function measurement and P magnetic resonance spectroscopy were subsequently performed using an isovolumic isolated heart preparation. Finally, we assessed cardiac gene and protein expression. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In males, landiolol increased indexed stroke volume by reversing the indexed end-diastolic volume reduction without affecting left ventricle ejection fraction. In females, landiolol did not increase indexed stroke volume and indexed end-diastolic volume but decreased left ventricle ejection fraction. Landiolol had no effect on ex vivo cardiac function and on high-energy phosphate compounds. The effect of landiolol on the gene expression of natriuretic peptide receptor 3 and on protein expression of phosphorylated-AKT:AKT ratio and endothelial nitric oxide synthase was different in males and females. CONCLUSIONS: Landiolol improved the in vivo cardiac performance of septic male rats while deleterious effects were reported in females. Expression of natriuretic peptide receptor 3, phosphorylated-AKT:AKT, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase are signaling pathways to investigate to better understand the sex differences in sepsis.

Type: Article
Title: Sex-Mediated Response to the Beta-Blocker Landiolol in Sepsis: An Experimental, Randomized Study
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003146
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000003146
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Internal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050752
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