UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Does an aptitude test affect socioeconomic and gender gaps in attendance at an elite university?

Anders, J; (2014) Does an aptitude test affect socioeconomic and gender gaps in attendance at an elite university? (QSS Working Paper 14-07). Department of Quantitative Social Science, UCL Institute of Education: London, UK. Green open access

[thumbnail of qsswp1407.pdf]
Preview
Text
qsswp1407.pdf - Published Version

Download (530kB) | Preview

Abstract

The increasing use of aptitude tests as part of the admissions processes at elite English universities potentially has significant implications for fair access to these institutions. I attempt to isolate the impact of the introduction of one such test on the proportion of successful applicants by school type (as a proxy for socioeconomic status) and by gender using a difference in differences approach and administrative data from the University of Oxford. The introduction of the test coincided with the implementation of a guideline number of interviews per available place, significantly reducing the proportion of applicants offered an interview (by 14 percentage points) and, hence, increasing the proportion of interviewees offered places (by 3.6 percentage points). By gender, I find some evidence that these changes may be having differing effects at different stages of the admissions process, but not on each group's overall chances of securing an offer. I do not find any evidence that the policy has negative side effects on the chances of applicants from less advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds at any stage of the process.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Does an aptitude test affect socioeconomic and gender gaps in attendance at an elite university?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://ideas.repec.org/p/qss/dqsswp/1407.html
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Higher Education, Aptitude Test, Gender, Socioeconomic Gradient, Difference in Differences
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership > Centre for Education Policy and Equalising Opportunities
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050742
Downloads since deposit
9Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item