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Novel CT-based objective imaging biomarkers of long term radiation-induced lung damage

Veiga, C; Landau, D; Devaraj, A; Doel, T; White, J; Ngai, Y; Hawkes, D; (2018) Novel CT-based objective imaging biomarkers of long term radiation-induced lung damage. International Journal of Radiation Oncology - Biology - Physics , 102 (4) 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.06.006. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: and Purpose: Recent improvements in lung cancer survival have spurred an interest in understanding and minimizing long term radiation-induced lung damage (RILD). However, there is still no objective criteria to quantify RILD leading to variable reporting across centres and trials. We propose a set of objective imaging biomarkers to quantify common radiological findings observed 12-months after lung cancer radiotherapy (RT). Material and Methods: Baseline and 12-month CT scans of 27 patients from a phase I/II clinical trial of isotoxic chemoradiation were included in this study. To detect and measure the severity of RILD, twelve quantitative imaging biomarkers were developed. These describe basic CT findings including parenchymal change, volume reduction and pleural change. The imaging biomarkers were implemented as semi-automated image analysis pipelines and assessed against visual assessment of the occurrence of each change. Results: The majority of the biomarkers were measurable in each patient. Their continuous nature allows objective scoring of severity for each patient. For each imaging biomarker the cohort was split into two groups according to the presence or absence of the biomarker by visual assessment, testing the hypothesis that the imaging biomarkers were different in these two groups. All features were statistically significant except for rotation of the main bronchus and diaphragmatic curvature. The majority of the biomarkers were not strongly correlated with each other suggesting that each of the biomarkers is measuring a separate element of RILD pathology. Conclusions: We developed objective CT-based imaging biomarkers that quantify the severity of radiological lung damage after RT. These biomarkers are representative of typical radiological findings of RILD.

Type: Article
Title: Novel CT-based objective imaging biomarkers of long term radiation-induced lung damage
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.06.006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.06.006
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: lung, radiation-induced lung damage, computed tomography, fibrosis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > CRUK Cancer Trials Centre
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050333
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