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Cardiac Phenotype of Prehypertrophic Fabry Disease

Nordin, S; Kozor, R; Baig, S; Abdel-Gadir, A; Medina-Menacho, K; Rosmini, S; Captur, G; ... Moon, JC; + view all (2018) Cardiac Phenotype of Prehypertrophic Fabry Disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging , 11 (6) , Article e007168. 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.117.007168. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is a rare and treatable X-linked lysosomal storage disorder. Cardiac involvement determines outcomes; therefore, detecting early changes is important. Native T1 by cardiovascular magnetic resonance is low, reflecting sphingolipid storage. Early phenotype development is familiar in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy but unexplored in FD. We explored the prehypertrophic cardiac phenotype of FD and the role of storage. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective, international multicenter observational study of 100 left ventricular hypertrophy-negative FD patients (mean age: 39±15 years; 19% male) and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (mean age: 40±14 years; 25% male) who underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance, including native T1 and late gadolinium enhancement, and 12-lead ECG. In FD, 41% had a low native T1 using a single septal region of interest, but this increased to 59% using a second slice because early native T1 lowering was patchy. ECG abnormalities were present in 41% and twice as common with low native T1 (53% versus 24%; P=0.005). When native T1 was low, left ventricular maximum wall thickness, indexed mass, and ejection fraction were higher (maximum wall thickness 9±1.5 versus 8±1.4 mm, P<0.005; indexed left ventricular mass 63±10 versus 58±9 g/m2, P<0.05; and left ventricular ejection fraction 73±8% versus 69±7%, P<0.01). Late gadolinium enhancement was more likely when native T1 was low (27% versus 6%; P=0.01). FD had higher maximal apical fractal dimensions compared with healthy volunteers (1.27±0.06 versus 1.24±0.04; P<0.005) and longer anterior mitral valve leaflets (23±2 mm versus 21±3 mm; P<0.005). CONCLUSIONS: There is a detectable prehypertrophic phenotype in FD consisting of storage (low native T1), structural, functional, and ECG changes.

Type: Article
Title: Cardiac Phenotype of Prehypertrophic Fabry Disease
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.117.007168
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.117.007168
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging is published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited, the use is noncommercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Fabry disease, hypertrophy, left ventricular, magnetic resonance imaging, phenotype
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050172
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