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Staging tables for avian embryos: a little history

Stern, CD; (2018) Staging tables for avian embryos: a little history. International Journal of Developmental Biology , 62 (1-3) pp. 43-48. 10.1387/ijdb.170299cs. Green open access

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Abstract

Absolute time elapsed since fertilization, or hours’ incubation, is not a good measure of the precise degree of development of an embryo because there is considerable variation. The chick embryo benefits from a detailed, well defined staging system introduced by Hamburger and Hamilton in 1951, perhaps the most precise and detailed available for any species. This paper briefly reviews the background and legacy of this table, including the remarkable work of its predecessors, Mathias Duval and Franz Keibel. It also begs the question of why the mouse embryo still lacks a similarly precise classification.

Type: Article
Title: Staging tables for avian embryos: a little history
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1387/ijdb.170299cs
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.170299cs
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the accepted manuscript version. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Developmental Biology, Hamburger and Hamilton, chick embryo, quail embryo, staging system, developmental time, chronology, PRIMITIVE STREAK FORMATION, DEVELOPMENTAL-STAGES, CHICK-EMBRYO, NEURAL INDUCTION, NORMAL PLATES, FINCH, QUAIL, FATE
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Cell and Developmental Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050161
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