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Electronic medical records in paediatric ophthalmology: a study of potential users and uses to inform design

Cross, MS; (2018) Electronic medical records in paediatric ophthalmology: a study of potential users and uses to inform design. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Electronic medical records are at the core of an advancing movement toward information-driven healthcare. By enhancing abilities to capture, store, and analyse vast amounts of health data, the routine use of electronic medical records is advocated as a means to improve the efficiency and quality of care provision, advance population health, empower patients, and reduce healthcare costs. However, the delivery of any benefits is threatened by a failure to understand the unique care environments of different clinical specialties, and to appropriately customise system design. This has prompted a move to the user-centred design process of health information technology. Paediatric ophthalmology is a unique field that faces particular challenges in electronic medical record adoption. As with other ophthalmic specialties, the heavy use of imaging and diagrammatic documentation is difficult to replicate electronically. As is the flexibility required to meet the demands incurred by the varying ages, developmental stages, and visual needs of each patient, reflecting a unique interface between the ophthalmic and paediatric requirements. The consideration of such requirements is essential throughout the user-centred design of effective health information technology systems. However, paucity in the evidence base surrounding electronic medical record design methodologies and system usage hinders technological development and application within paediatric ophthalmology. This research was centred on a user-centred design process, to provide an understanding of the users of electronic medical records in paediatric ophthalmology, and their requirements. Taking a mixed methods approach, this research initially explored the landscape of medical record use – gathering user- centred requirements – and concluded with the development and testing of three prototype data collection forms, for specific use cases within paediatric ophthalmology. Overall, this work articulates the specific challenges and requirements in this area, and provides the foundation for future design and adoption strategies of electronic medical record systems within paediatric ophthalmology.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Electronic medical records in paediatric ophthalmology: a study of potential users and uses to inform design
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10049547
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