UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Randomized phase I trial HIV-CORE 003: Depletion of serum amyloid P component and immunogenicity of DNA vaccination against HIV-1

Borthwick, NJ; Lane, T; Moyo, N; Crook, A; Shim, JM; Baines, I; Wee, EG; ... Pepys, MB; + view all (2018) Randomized phase I trial HIV-CORE 003: Depletion of serum amyloid P component and immunogenicity of DNA vaccination against HIV-1. PLOS ONE , 13 (5) , Article e0197299. 10.1371/journal.pone.0197299. Green open access

[thumbnail of Gillmore_Randomized phase I trial HIV-CORE 003. Depletion of serum amyloid P component and immunogenicity of DNA vaccination against HIV-1_VoR.pdf]
Preview
Text
Gillmore_Randomized phase I trial HIV-CORE 003. Depletion of serum amyloid P component and immunogenicity of DNA vaccination against HIV-1_VoR.pdf - Published Version

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The failure of DNA vaccination in humans, in contrast to its efficacy in some species, is unexplained. Observational and interventional experimental evidence suggests that DNA immunogenicity may be prevented by binding of human serum amyloid P component (SAP). SAP is the single normal DNA binding protein in human plasma. The drug (R)-1-[6-[(R)-2-carboxypyrrolidin-1-yl]-6-oxo-hexanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (CPHPC, miridesap), developed for treatment of systemic amyloidosis and Alzheimer’s disease, depletes circulating SAP by 95–99%. The proof-of-concept HIV-CORE 003 clinical trial tested whether SAP depletion by CPHPC would enhance the immune response in human volunteers to DNA vaccination delivering the HIVconsv immunogen derived from conserved sub-protein regions of HIV-1. METHODS: Human volunteers received 3 intramuscular immunizations with an experimental DNA vaccine (DDD) expressing HIV-1-derived immunogen HIVconsv, with or without prior depletion of SAP by CPHPC. All subjects were subsequently boosted by simian (chimpanzee) adenovirus (C)- and poxvirus MVA (M)-vectored vaccines delivering the same immunogen. After administration of each vaccine modality, the peak total magnitudes, kinetics, functionality and memory subsets of the T-cell responses to HIVconsv were thoroughly characterized. RESULTS: No differences were observed between the CPHPC treated and control groups in any of the multiple quantitative and qualitative parameters of the T-cell responses to HIVconsv, except that after SAP depletion, there was a statistically significantly greater breadth of T-cell specificities, that is the number of recognized epitopes, following the DDDC vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: The protocol used here for SAP depletion by CPHPC prior to DNA vaccination produced only a very modest suggestion of enhanced immunogenicity. Further studies will be required to determine whether SAP depletion might have a practical value in DNA vaccination for other plasmid backbones and/or immunogens. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02425241.

Type: Article
Title: Randomized phase I trial HIV-CORE 003: Depletion of serum amyloid P component and immunogenicity of DNA vaccination against HIV-1
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0197299
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197299
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 Borthwick et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: T cells, Antigens, Vaccines, DNA vaccination, HIV-1, Adenoviruses, Memory T cells
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10049376
Downloads since deposit
66Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item