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Impaired motility in Barrett's esophagus: A study using high-resolution manometry with physiologic challenge

Sanagapalli, S; Emmanuel, A; Leong, R; Kerr, S; Lovat, L; Haidry, R; Banks, M; ... Sweis, R; + view all (2018) Impaired motility in Barrett's esophagus: A study using high-resolution manometry with physiologic challenge. Neurogastroenterology & Motility , 30 (8) , Article e13330. 10.1111/nmo.13330. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Esophageal dysmotility may predispose to Barrett's esophagus (BE). We hypothesized that high-resolution manometry (HRM) performed with additional physiologic challenge would better delineate dysmotility in BE. METHODS: Included patients had typical reflux symptoms and underwent endoscopy, HRM with single water swallows and adjunctive testing with solids and rapid drink challenge (RDC) before ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. BE and endoscopy-negative reflux disease (ENRD) subjects were compared against functional heartburn patient-controls (FHC). Primary outcome was incidence of HRM contractile abnormalities with standard and adjunctive swallows. Secondary outcomes included clearance measures and symptom association on pH-impedance. KEY RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients (BE 25, ENRD 27, FHC 26) were included. Water swallow contractility was reduced in both BE (median DCI 87 mm Hg/cm/s) and ENRD (442 mm Hg/cm/s) compared to FHC (602 mm Hg/cm/s; P < .001 and .04, respectively). With the challenge of solid swallows and RDC, these parameters improved in ENRD (solids = 1732 mm Hg/cm/s), becoming similar to FHC (1242 mm Hg/cm/s; P = .93), whereas abnormalities persisted in BE (818 mm Hg/cm/s; P < .01 c.f. FHC). In BE and ENRD, reflux events (67 vs 57 events/24 hour) and symptom frequency were similar; yet symptom correlation was significantly better in ENRD compared to BE, which was comparable to FHC (symptom index 30% vs 4% vs 0%, respectively). Furthermore, bolus clearance and exposure times were more pronounced in BE (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: Reduced contractile effectiveness persisted in BE with the more representative esophageal challenge of swallowing solids and free drinking; while in ENRD and FHC peristalsis usually improved, demonstrating peristaltic reserve. Furthermore, symptom association and refluxate clearance were reduced in BE. These factors may underlie BE pathogenesis.

Type: Article
Title: Impaired motility in Barrett's esophagus: A study using high-resolution manometry with physiologic challenge
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/nmo.13330
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13330
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Barrett's esophagus, dysmotility, gastro-esophageal reflux disease, high-resolution manometry, peristaltic reserve
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10049233
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