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Underlying wishes and nudged choices

Lin, Y; Osman, M; Harris, AJL; Read, D; (2018) Underlying wishes and nudged choices. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied , 24 (4) pp. 459-475. 10.1037/xap0000183. Green open access

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Abstract

Is the inferred preference from a choice to donate stronger when the choice was made under a mandated rather than the automatic default (nudged choice) legislative system? The answer to this is particularly important because families can, and do, veto the choices of their deceased relatives. In three studies, we asked American and European participants from countries that have either a default opt-in or default opt-out system to take on the role of a third party to judge the likelihood that an individual’s “true wish” was to actually donate their organs, given that they were registered to donate on the organ donation register. In each study, participants were randomly assigned to one of the organ donation legislative systems (default opt-in, default opt-out, mandated choice or mandatory). Overall, regardless of which country participants came from, they perceived the donor’s underlying preference to donate as stronger under the default optin and mandated choice systems as compared to the default opt-out and mandatory donor systems. We discuss the practical issues that result from using default systems in the domain of organ donation and propose potential ways to ameliorate the uncertainty around inferences of underlying preference from a nudged choice.

Type: Article
Title: Underlying wishes and nudged choices
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1037/xap0000183
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1037/xap0000183
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Nudges, organ donation, default options, underlying preference
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10048768
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