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Influence of solvent selection and extraction temperature on yield and composition of lipids extracted from spent coffee grounds

Efthymiopoulos, I; Hellier, P; Ladommatos, N; Russo-Profili, A; Eveleigh, A; Aliev, A; Kay, A; (2018) Influence of solvent selection and extraction temperature on yield and composition of lipids extracted from spent coffee grounds. Industrial Crops and Products , 119 pp. 49-56. 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.008. Green open access

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Abstract

Spent coffee grounds (SCG) are a potentially sustainable source of C16-C18 triglycerides. This study investigates known solvent extraction technologies with a wide range of solvents for lipid extraction from SCGs, and determines the effect of solvent selection and process temperature on the extraction efficiency and composition of the obtained oil. A correlation between increasing solvent boiling point, and therefore process temperature, and improved oil extraction efficiency was observed in Soxhlet extractions with a wide range of solvents. Experiments at elevated temperatures (up to 200 °C) were performed through Accelerated Solvent Extraction (ASE) and temperature increase initially improved the oil extraction efficiency when non-polar solvents were used, before decreasing it at higher temperatures. Utilization of ethanol resulted in the highest oil extraction ratio by ASE (at 165 °C), suggesting that temperature increase is more beneficial to the extraction efficiency of polar solvents. In addition, analysis of the oils was carried out to evaluate the composition of the oils extracted from SCGs using different solvents and extraction parameters. The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) results were in agreement with the values obtained from the titrimetric determination of the free fatty acid content (FFA) of the oils in terms of the comparative trends, and also tentatively suggest that some differences in the composition of the extracted oils might be related to the type of extraction solvent used.

Type: Article
Title: Influence of solvent selection and extraction temperature on yield and composition of lipids extracted from spent coffee grounds
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.008
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.04.008
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Spent coffee, Waste biomass, Solvent extraction, Coffee lipid analysis, Free fatty acids
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047603
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