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Primary pupils’ attitudes towards and understandings of poverty

Lawson, HS; (2018) Primary pupils’ attitudes towards and understandings of poverty. (Development Education Research Centre Research Paper 19 ). Development Education Research Centre: London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

The purpose of the research was to collect primary school pupils’ perceptions of, and their views on learning about, poverty and development, in order to better understand the factors that influence and impact on their knowledge, understanding and perspectives. The main research questions were: 1. How do young people conceptualise and make sense of global poverty? 2. How do young people think they can respond to global poverty? 3. In what contexts do young people think they learn about global poverty? Four schools were selected from the South West region using a purposeful sampling strategy. Data was collected through focus groups with Key Stage 2 pupils in groups of six to eight, of mixed ability and gender. Images were used as a prompt for discussion. The research found that: • The meaning of poverty for pupils is very similar across schools, and across year groups. Pupils characterise poverty as lack of basic needs: money, shelter, education and access to resources. Natural disasters were also frequently cited as a cause of poverty. • The complexity of the definition offered does not seem to be age related but linked to the local context of the school. • The causes of poverty are seen as being internal to countries. Causes of poverty include war, famine and natural disasters. Pupils consider people to be poor due to lack of money and access to basic needs, such as food, water and shelter. These ideas were explicitly underpinned by a charity mentality by a number of pupils, reinforced by the belief that people are poor due to natural disasters. • There is also evidence in this focus group of pupils feeling outrage at the inequality between rich and poor. • Pupil comments highlight the way in which pupils develop a back story to the image in order to support their views of why this image represents poverty, such as not having any parents, having to work hard to achieve things that ‘we’ take for granted, and not having enough food. • For the majority of pupils, taking action is strongly associated with charitable giving.

Type: Report
Title: Primary pupils’ attitudes towards and understandings of poverty
ISBN-13: 9780993488863
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ioe-derc
Language: English
Additional information: Crown copyright © 2018. Licensed under a CC BY 2.0 licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/).
Keywords: Primary education, Global learning, Poverty, Development
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Curriculum, Pedagogy and Assessment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047519
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