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Urban Health Indicator Tools of the Physical Environment: a Systematic Review.

Pineo, H; Glonti, K; Rutter, H; Zimmermann, N; Wilkinson, P; Davies, M; (2018) Urban Health Indicator Tools of the Physical Environment: a Systematic Review. J Urban Health 10.1007/s11524-018-0228-8. (In press). Green open access

Pineo, Glonti, Rutter, Zimmermann, Wilkinson, Davies (2018) Urban health indicator tools of the physical envrionment A systematic review - JUH.pdf - Published version

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Urban health indicator (UHI) tools provide evidence about the health impacts of the physical urban environment which can be used in built environment policy and decision-making. Where UHI tools provide data at the neighborhood (and lower) scale they can provide valuable information about health inequalities and environmental deprivation. This review performs a census of UHI tools and explores their nature and characteristics (including how they represent, simplify or address complex systems) to increase understanding of their potential use by municipal built environment policy and decision-makers. We searched seven bibliographic databases, four key journals and six practitioner websites and conducted Google searches between January 27, 2016 and February 24, 2016 for UHI tools. We extracted data from primary studies and online indicator systems. We included 198 documents which identified 145 UHI tools comprising 8006 indicators, from which we developed a taxonomy. Our taxonomy classifies the significant diversity of UHI tools with respect to topic, spatial scale, format, scope and purpose. The proportions of UHI tools which measure data at the neighborhood and lower scale, and present data via interactive maps, have both increased over time. This is particularly relevant to built environment policy and decision-makers, reflects growing analytical capability and offers the potential for improved understanding of the complexity of influences on urban health (an aspect noted as a particular challenge by some indicator producers). The relation between urban health indicators and health impacts attributable to modifiable environmental characteristics is often indirect. Furthermore, the use of UHI tools in policy and decision-making appears to be limited, thus raising questions about the continued development of such tools by multiple organisations duplicating scarce resources. Further research is needed to understand the requirements of built environment policy and decision-makers, public health professionals and local communities regarding the form and presentation of indicators which support their varied objectives.

Type: Article
Title: Urban Health Indicator Tools of the Physical Environment: a Systematic Review.
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s11524-018-0228-8
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11524-018-0228-8
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made
Keywords: Built environment, Evidence, Healthy cities, Indicator, Indices, Policy, Social determinants of health, Urban health, Urban metrics, Urban planning
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047469
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