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The Legal Frameworks that Govern Fetal Surgery in the United Kingdom, European Union and the United States

Cao, KX; Booth, A; Ourselin, S; David, AL; Ashcroft, R; (2018) The Legal Frameworks that Govern Fetal Surgery in the United Kingdom, European Union and the United States. Prenatal Diagnosis , 38 (7) pp. 475-481. 10.1002/pd.5267. Green open access

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Abstract

The specialty of fetal surgery or fetal intervention is one of the most exciting emerging fields of modern medicine. It is made possible by decades of major developments in antenatal imaging, obstetric anaesthesia, fetal medicine, paediatric surgery and of course by the bold and novel practitioners willing to take new steps to advance the field. Beginning in the 1970s it has now reached a stage of maturity where there are several established in-utero procedures and countless clinical trials and studies to develop more. But what is the legal situation that fetal surgeons find themselves in? What are the rights and legal protections for the fetus and the mother, both of which are arguably the patient? This article will address this question, discussing and summarising the current legal frameworks governing fetal surgery in the jurisdictions of the United Kingdom, European Court of Human Rights and the United States of America as well as discuss what the future may hold and how researchers and physicians in the specialty can best navigate the legal environment.

Type: Article
Title: The Legal Frameworks that Govern Fetal Surgery in the United Kingdom, European Union and the United States
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/pd.5267
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1002/pd.5267
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047317
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