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Emerging applications of nanoparticles for lung cancer diagnosis and therapy

Sukumar, UK; Bhushan, B; Dubey, P; Matai, I; Sachdev, A; Packirisamy, G; (2013) Emerging applications of nanoparticles for lung cancer diagnosis and therapy. International Nano Letters , 3 (1) 10.1186/2228-5326-3-45. Green open access

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Abstract

Lung cancer is by far the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, most of them being active tobacco smokers. Non small cell lung cancer accounts for around 85% to 90% of deaths, whereas the rest is contributed by small cell lung cancer. The extreme lethality of lung cancer arises due to lack of suitable diagnostic procedures for early detection of lung cancer and ineffective conventional therapeutic strategies. In course with desperate attempts to address these issues independently, a multifunctional nanotherapeutic or diagnostic system is being sought as a favorable solution. The manifestation of physiochemical properties of such nanoscale systems is tuned favorably to come up with a versatile cancer cell targeted diagnostic and therapeutic system. Apart from this, the aspect of being at nanoscale by itself confers the system with an advantage of passive accumulation at the site of tumor. This review provides a broad perspective of three major subclasses of such nanoscale therapeutic and diagnostic systems which include polymeric nanoparticles-based approaches, metal nanoparticles-based approaches, and bio-nanoparticles-based approaches. This review work also serves the purpose of gaining an insight into the pros and cons of each of these approaches with a prospective improvement in lung cancer therapeutics and diagnostics.

Type: Article
Title: Emerging applications of nanoparticles for lung cancer diagnosis and therapy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/2228-5326-3-45
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/2228-5326-3-45
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Polymeric nanoparticles, Metal nanoparticles, Bio-nanoparticles, Lung cancer, Theranostics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047075
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