UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Urinary Biomarkers of Aminoglycoside-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Cystic Fibrosis: Kidney Injury Molecule-1 and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin

McWilliam, SJ; Antoine, DJ; Jorgensen, AL; Smyth, RL; Pirmohamed, M; (2018) Urinary Biomarkers of Aminoglycoside-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Cystic Fibrosis: Kidney Injury Molecule-1 and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin. Scientific Reports , 8 , Article 5094. 10.1038/s41598-018-23466-4. Green open access

[thumbnail of s41598-018-23466-4.pdf]
Preview
Text
s41598-018-23466-4.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Aminoglycosides are commonly used for the treatment of pulmonary exacerbations in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, they are potentially nephrotoxic. This prospective observational cohort study aimed to investigate the potential validity of two urinary renal biomarkers, Kidney Injury Molecule-1 (KIM-1) and Neutrophil Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (NGAL), in identifying aminoglycoside-induced nephrotoxicity in children with CF. Children and young adults up to 20 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of CF were recruited from ten United Kingdom hospitals. Participants provided urine samples for measurement of KIM-1 and NGAL concentrations, at baseline, at regular outpatient appointments, and before, during and after exposure to clinically-indicated treatment with the aminoglycoside tobramycin. 37/158 patients recruited (23.4%) received at least one course of IV tobramycin during the study. The median peak fold-change during tobramycin exposure for KIM-1 was 2.28 (IQR 2.69) and 4.02 (IQR 7.29) for NGAL, in the absence of serum creatinine changes. Baseline KIM-1 was positively associated with cumulative courses of IV aminoglycosides (R2 = 0.11; β = 0.03; p < 0.0001). KIM-1, in particular, may be a useful, non-invasive, biomarker of acute and chronic proximal tubular injury associated with exposure to aminoglycosides in patients with CF, but its clinical utility needs to be further evaluated in prospective studies.

Type: Article
Title: Urinary Biomarkers of Aminoglycoside-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Cystic Fibrosis: Kidney Injury Molecule-1 and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23466-4
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23466-4
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047052
Downloads since deposit
78Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item