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Predicting reading ability in teenagers who are deaf or hard of hearing: A longitudinal analysis of language and reading

Worsfold, S; Mahon, HM; Pimperton, H; Stevenson, J; Kennedy, C; (2018) Predicting reading ability in teenagers who are deaf or hard of hearing: A longitudinal analysis of language and reading. Research in Developmental Disabilities , 77 pp. 49-59. 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.007. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) children and young people are known to show group-level deficits in spoken language and reading abilities relative to their hearing peers. However, there is little evidence on the longitudinal predictive relationships between language and reading in this population. AIMS: To determine the extent to which differences in spoken language ability in childhood predict reading ability in D/HH adolescents. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Participants were drawn from a population-based cohort study and comprised 53 D/HH teenagers, who used spoken language, and a comparison group of 38 normally hearing teenagers. All had completed standardised measures of spoken language (expression and comprehension) and reading (accuracy and comprehension) at 6–10 and 13–19 years of age. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Forced entry stepwise regression showed that, after taking reading ability at age 8 years into account, language scores at age 8 years did not add significantly to the prediction of Reading Accuracy z-scores at age 17 years (change in R2 = 0.01, p = .459) but did make a significant contribution to the prediction of Reading Comprehension z-scores at age 17 years (change in R2  = 0.17, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: In D/HH individuals who are spoken language users, expressive and receptive language skills in middle childhood predict reading comprehension ability in adolescence. Continued intervention to support language development beyond primary school has the potential to benefit reading comprehension and hence educational access for D/HH adolescents.

Type: Article
Title: Predicting reading ability in teenagers who are deaf or hard of hearing: A longitudinal analysis of language and reading
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.007
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/)
Keywords: Permanent childhood hearing loss; Reading accuracy; Reading comprehension; Expressive language; Language comprehension; Longitudinal design
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Language and Cognition
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10046804
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