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Evaluation of 'TRY': an algorithm for neonatal continuous positive airways pressure in low-income settings

Crehan, C; Colbourn, T; Heys, M; Molyneux, E; (2018) Evaluation of 'TRY': an algorithm for neonatal continuous positive airways pressure in low-income settings. Archives of Disease in Childhood , 103 (8) pp. 732-738. 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313867. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Non-invasive respiratory support using bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is useful in treating babies with respiratory distress syndrome. Despite its proven clinical and cost-effectiveness, implementation is hampered by the inappropriate administration of bCPAP in low-resource settings. A clinical algorithm-'TRY' (based on Tone: good; Respiratory distress; Yes, heart rate above 100 beats/min)-has been developed to correctly identify which newborns would benefit most from bCPAP in a teaching hospital in Malawi. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability, sensitivity and specificity of TRY when employed by nurses in a Malawian district hospital. METHODS: Nursing staff in a Malawian district hospital baby unit were asked, over a 2-month period, to complete TRY assessments for every newly admitted baby with the following inclusion criteria: clinical evidence of respiratory distress and/or birth weight less than 1.3 kg. A visiting paediatrician, blinded to nurses' assessments, concurrently assessed each baby, providing both a TRY assessment and a clinical decision regarding the need for CPAP administration. Inter-rater reliability was calculated comparing nursing and paediatrician TRY assessment outcomes. Sensitivity and specificity were estimated comparing nurse TRY assessments against the paediatrician's clinical decision. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty-seven infants were admitted during the study period; 145 (51%) of these met the inclusion criteria, and of these 57 (39%) received joint assessments. The inter-rater reliability was high (kappa 0.822). Sensitivity and specificity were 92% and 96%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: District hospital nurses, using the TRY-CPAP algorithm, reliably identified babies that might benefit from bCPAP and thus improved its effective implementation.

Type: Article
Title: Evaluation of 'TRY': an algorithm for neonatal continuous positive airways pressure in low-income settings
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313867
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2017-313867
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10045971
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