UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Is previous azithromycin treatment associated with azithromycin resistance inNeisseria gonorrhoeae? A cross-sectional study using national surveillance data in England

Clifton, S; Town, K; Furegato, M; Cole, M; Mohammed, H; Woodhall, SC; Kevin Dunbar, J; ... Hughes, G; + view all (2018) Is previous azithromycin treatment associated with azithromycin resistance inNeisseria gonorrhoeae? A cross-sectional study using national surveillance data in England. Sexually Transmitted Infections , 94 (6) pp. 421-426. 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053461. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Clifton_GRASP_Previous azi_REVISED_CLEAN COPY_v1.0.pdf - Accepted version

Download (471kB) | Preview

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: It has been suggested that treatment of STIs with azithromycin may facilitate development of azithromycin resistance inNeisseria gonorrhoeae(NG) by exposing the organism to suboptimal doses. We investigated whether treatment history for non-rectalChlamydia trachomatis(CT), non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) or NG (proxies for azithromycin exposure) in sexual health (GUM) services was associated with susceptibility of NG to azithromycin. METHODS: Azithromycin susceptibility data from the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme (GRASP 2013-2015, n=4606) and additional high-level azithromycin-resistant isolates (HL-AziR) identified by the Public Health England reference laboratory (2013-2016, n=54) were matched to electronic patient records in the national GUMCAD STI surveillance dataset (2012-2016). Descriptive and regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between history of previous CT/NGU/NG and subsequent susceptibility of NG to azithromycin. RESULTS: Modal azithromycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 0.25 mg/L (one dilution below the resistance breakpoint) in those with and without history of previous CT/NGU/NG (previous 1 month/6 months). There were no differences in MIC distribution by history of CT/NGU (P=0.98) or NG (P=0.85) in the previous 1 month/6 months or in the odds of having an elevated azithromycin MIC (>0.25 mg/L) (Adjusted OR for CT/NGU 0.97 (95% CI 0.76 to 1.25); adjusted OR for NG 0.82 (95% CI: 0.65 to 1.04)) compared with those with no CT/NGU/NG in the previous 6 months. Among patients with HL-AziR NG, 3 (4%) were treated for CT/NGU and 2 (3%) for NG in the previous 6 months, compared with 6% and 8%, respectively for all GRASP patients. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence of an association between previous treatment for CT/NGU or NG in GUM services and subsequent presentation with an azithromycin-resistant strain. As many CT diagnoses occur in non-GUM settings, further research is needed to determine whether azithromycin-resistant NG is associated with azithromycin exposure in other settings and for other conditions.

Type: Article
Title: Is previous azithromycin treatment associated with azithromycin resistance inNeisseria gonorrhoeae? A cross-sectional study using national surveillance data in England
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/sextrans-2017-053461
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1136/sextrans-2017-053461
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Antimicrobial resistance, azithromycin, neisseria gonorrhoea, surveillance
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10045893
Downloads since deposit
82Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item