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Evidence-Based Practice: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Perceived Barriers to Practice among Nurses in Oman

D'Souza, P; Ammouri, A; A, A; G, R; Noronha, J; O, A; Shakman, L; (2014) Evidence-Based Practice: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Perceived Barriers to Practice among Nurses in Oman. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal , 14 (4) e537-e545. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ practices, attitudes, knowledge/skills and perceived barriers in relation to evidence-based practice (EBP) in Oman. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between February and November 2012. A self-reported 24-item questionnaire was used to measure EBP practices, attitudes and knowledge/skills among a convenience sample of 600 nurses working in four governmental hospitals in Muscat, Oman. Responses were scored on a one to seven rating scale. Barriers to EBP were measured on a five-point Likert scale using two subscales. Descriptive statistics and general linear regression were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: A total of 414 nurses were included in the study. The greatest barriers to developing EBP among nurses were insufficient time for research (3.51 ± 0.97) and insufficient resources to change practices (3.64 ± 0.99). Nurses with more years of experience reported increased use of EBP (P <0.01), more positive attitudes towards EBP (P <0.001) and fewer barriers to research (P <0.01). Significant positive correlations were found between years of experience and practice (r = 0.16) and attitudes (r = 0.20). Nurses with a baccalaureate degree reported fewer barriers to research than those qualified at a diploma level (P <0.001). Nurses who perceived more barriers to research reported less use of EBP (P <0.001), less positive attitudes towards EBP (P <0.001) and limited EBP knowledge/skills (P <0.001). CONCLUSION: These findings provide a basis for enhancing nursing practices, knowledge and skills. Continuing education for nurses and minimising barriers is crucial to increasing the use of EBP in Oman

Type: Article
Title: Evidence-Based Practice: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Perceived Barriers to Practice among Nurses in Oman
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://journals.squ.edu.om/index.php/squmj/articl...
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/)
Keywords: Evidence-Based Practice; Nurses; Attitudes; Knowledge; Oman.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10045357
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