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Lattice based low control quantum technology

Compagno, Enrico; (2018) Lattice based low control quantum technology. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The possibility to designing schemes useful for developing quantum technology devices of practical value necessitates exploiting quantum coherence effects in a scalable physical system in a feasible way. The broad aim of this thesis is to investigate the use of quantum non-equilibrium dynamics for the above, exploiting minimal control to accomplish highly coherent dynamics in a many-body system. How to harness the natural hopping dynamics of particles in a many-site lattice for controlled applications, is still an open question. Through the introduction of few impurities in the lattice potential, we devise a scheme to trigger effective tunable linear optics-like operations between arbitrary sites, that overcomes the limitations of setups based on coherent hopping dynamics, when particles are initially separated by many sites. Our scheme enables the generation of peculiar quantum interference effects as well as quantum metrology applications in a many-site lattice. We design a lattice coupling profile that enables perfect wave-packet splitting between mirror symmetric sites and leads to perfect wave-packet reconstruction, fractional revivals and perfect entanglement distribution, for arbitrary long chains. We prove that composite objects in a lattice, made of more particles initially in a lattice site, are a valuable resource for dynamically generating non-classical states between remote sites, tackling edge-localisation effects via local fields. Finally, we show how the spin independent scattering of two initially distant qubits, can be used to implement an entangling quantum gate between remote sites of a lattice. Our findings have potentially an impact on quantum information, as well as on atomic interferometry in a lattice.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Lattice based low control quantum technology
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10045115
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