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Gender Gap and School Differential Effects in Mathematics in Chilean Primary Schools

Munoz Chereau, B; (2018) Gender Gap and School Differential Effects in Mathematics in Chilean Primary Schools. Presented at: International Conference for School Effectiveness and Improvement, Singapore. Green open access

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Abstract

Despite the systematic recognition of large gender gaps against girls in mathematics performance in Chile, the role of schools in explaining this gap has been comparatively unexplored. This paper analyses a longitudinal dataset to explore within and between school variation of Chilean primary schools in promoting attainment and progress of girls and boys. In order to reflect the hierarchical nature of the educational data, Multilevel modelling is used, with 163,044 students, nested within 3,355 schools, within 310 Municipalities to fit Raw, Contextualised Attainment and Value-Added models. The results indicate a small but significant gender differential school effect in progress in Chilean primary schools. Moreover, differences in effectiveness played a significant role, as girls over performed boys in less effective schools, but the opposite was true in more effective schools. Finally, the study concludes that the Chilean gender gap needs to be addressed within, but mainly beyond schools.

Type: Conference item (Presentation)
Title: Gender Gap and School Differential Effects in Mathematics in Chilean Primary Schools
Event: International Conference for School Effectiveness and Improvement
Location: Singapore
Dates: 08 January 2018 - 12 January 2018
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://www.icsei.net/index.php?id=1869
Language: English
Keywords: gender gaps, differential effects, multi-level modelling, Chilean school system, differentail gender effects
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043500
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