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Comparison of stroke volume measurement between non-invasive bioreactance and esophageal Doppler in patients undergoing major abdominal-pelvic surgery

De Pascale, G; Singer, M; Brealey, D; (2017) Comparison of stroke volume measurement between non-invasive bioreactance and esophageal Doppler in patients undergoing major abdominal-pelvic surgery. Journal of Anesthesia , 31 (4) pp. 545-551. 10.1007/s00540-017-2351-1. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Bioreactance is a non-invasive technology for measuring stroke volume (SV) in the operating room and critical care setting. We evaluated how the NICOM® bioreactance device performed against the CardioQ® esophageal Doppler monitor in patients undergoing major abdominal–pelvic surgery, focusing on the effect of different hemodynamic interventions. METHODS: SVNICOM and SVODM were simultaneously measured intraoperatively, including before and after interventions including fluid challenge, vasopressor boluses, peritoneal gas insufflation/removal, and Trendelenburg/reverse Trendelenburg patient positioning. RESULTS: A total of 768 values were collected from 21 patients. Pre- and post-intervention measures were recorded on 155 occasions. Bland–Altman analysis revealed a bias of 8.6 ml and poor precision with wide limits of agreement (54 and −37 ml) and a percentage error of 50.6%. No improvement in precision was detected after taking into account repeated measurements for each patient (bias: 8 ml; limits of agreement: 74 and −59 ml). Concordance between changes in SVNICOM and SVODM before and after interventions was also poor: 78.7% (all measures), 82.4% (after vasopressor administration), and 74.3% (after fluid challenge). Using Doppler SV as the reference technique, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve assessing the ability of the NICOM device to predict fluid responsiveness was 0.81 (0.7–0.9). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing major abdomino-pelvic surgery, SV values obtained by NICOM showed neither clinically or statistically acceptable agreement with those obtained by esophageal Doppler. Although, in the setting of this study, bioreactance technology cannot reliably replace esophageal Doppler monitoring, its accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness was higher, up to approximately 80%.

Type: Article
Title: Comparison of stroke volume measurement between non-invasive bioreactance and esophageal Doppler in patients undergoing major abdominal-pelvic surgery
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00540-017-2351-1
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-017-2351-1
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Anesthesiology, Bioreactance technology, Esophageal Doppler, Hemodynamic monitoring, RISK SURGICAL-PATIENTS, CONTINUOUS CARDIAC-OUTPUT, NICOM, MORTALITY, TRIAL
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043208
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