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Excited states of defect linear arrays in silicon: A first-principles study based on hydrogen cluster analogs

Wu, W; Greenland, PT; Fisher, AJ; Le, NH; Chick, S; Murdin, BN; (2018) Excited states of defect linear arrays in silicon: A first-principles study based on hydrogen cluster analogs. Physical Review B , 97 (3) , Article 035205. 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.035205. Green open access

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Abstract

Excited states of a single donor in bulk silicon have previously been studied extensively based on effective mass theory. However, proper theoretical descriptions of the excited states of a donor cluster are still scarce. Here we study the excitations of lines of defects within a single-valley spherical band approximation, thus mapping the problem to a scaled hydrogen atom array. A series of detailed time-dependent Hartree-Fock, time-dependent hybrid density-functional theory and full configuration-interaction calculations have been performed to understand linear clusters of up to 10 donors. Our studies illustrate the generic features of their excited states, addressing the competition between formation of interdonor ionic states and intradonor atomic excited states. At short interdonor distances, excited states of donor molecules are dominant, at intermediate distances ionic states play an important role, and at long distances the intradonor excitations are predominant as expected. The calculations presented here emphasize the importance of correlations between donor electrons, and are thus complementary to other recent approaches that include effective mass anisotropy and multivalley effects. The exchange splittings between relevant excited states have also been estimated for a donor pair and for three-donor arrays; the splittings are much larger than those in the ground state in the range of donor separations between 10 and 20 nm. This establishes a solid theoretical basis for the use of excited-state exchange interactions for controllable quantum gate operations in silicon.

Type: Article
Title: Excited states of defect linear arrays in silicon: A first-principles study based on hydrogen cluster analogs
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.035205
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.035205
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office > Institute for Materials Discovery
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043153
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