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Evaluation of life cycle carbon impacts for higher education building redevelopment: a multiple case study approach

Hawkins, D; Mumovic, D; (2017) Evaluation of life cycle carbon impacts for higher education building redevelopment: a multiple case study approach. Energy and Buildings , 150 pp. 507-515. 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.05.058. Green open access

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Abstract

UK higher education institutions have strong drivers to reduce operational carbon emissions through building redevelopment. The life cycle carbon impact of buildings − operational and embodied carbon − is a developing area of consideration, particularly in redevelopment. A case study analysis was employed to assess how redevelopment interventions can reduce life cycle carbon impacts. The five case study buildings covered a variety of activities, construction styles, systems and operational characteristics. Each building was monitored over a 12-month period and the data was combined with metered energy use to calibrate life cycle carbon base models following the BS EN 15978:2011 standard. The base models were modified to simulate a range of carbon reduction interventions and also new-build to current UK energy efficiency regulations. The design stage uncertainty was factored in. The best-case refurbishment options showed average life cycle carbon savings of between 20 and 29%, with the most effective intervention varying by building. For new-build, the savings ranged from 32–64%, with the greatest being for conversion from mechanical to natural ventilation. The average contribution of embodied carbon to total life cycle carbon impact for the new-builds varied from 6% for the chemistry building to 23% for the law building.

Type: Article
Title: Evaluation of life cycle carbon impacts for higher education building redevelopment: a multiple case study approach
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.05.058
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.05.058
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10043120
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