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Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of Cu-64 acetate and (64)CuGTSM

Andreozzi, EM; Torres, JB; Sunassee, K; Dunn, J; Walker-Samuel, S; Szanda, I; Blower, PJ; (2017) Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of Cu-64 acetate and (64)CuGTSM. Metallomics , 9 (11) pp. 1622-1633. 10.1039/c7mt00227k. Green open access

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease can involve brain copper dyshomeostasis. We aimed to determine the effect of AD-like pathology on 64Cu trafficking in mice, using positron emission tomography (PET imaging), during 24 hours after intravenous administration of ionic 64Cu (Cu(II) acetate) and 64Cu-GTSM (GTSMH2 = glyoxalbis(thiosemicarbazone)). Copper trafficking was evaluated in 6–8-month-old and 13–15 month-old TASTPM transgenic and wild-type mice, by imaging 0–30 min and 24–25 h after intravenous administration of 64Cu tracer. Regional 64Cu distribution in brains was compared by ex vivo autoradiography to that of amyloid-β plaque. 64Cu-acetate showed uptake in, and excretion through, liver and kidneys. There was minimal uptake in other tissues by 30 minutes, and little further change after 24 h. Radioactivity within brain was focussed in and around the ventricles and was significantly greater in younger mice. 64CuGTSM was taken up in all tissues by 30 min, remaining high in brain but clearing substantially from other tissues by 24 h. Distribution in brain was not localised to specific regions. TASTPM mice showed no major changes in global or regional 64Cu brain uptake compared to wildtype after administration of 64Cu acetate (unlike 64Cu-GTSM) but efflux of 64Cu from brain by 24 h was slightly greater in 6–8 month-old TASTPM mice than in wildtype controls. Changes in copper trafficking associated with Alzheimer's-like pathology after administration of ionic 64Cu are minor compared to those observed after administration of 64Cu-GTSM. PET imaging with 64Cu could help understand changes in brain copper dynamics in AD and underpin new clinical diagnostic imaging methods.

Type: Article
Title: Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of Cu-64 acetate and (64)CuGTSM
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/c7mt00227k
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7mt00227k
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Department of Imaging
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042874
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