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Insights into cerebral haemodynamics and oxygenation utilising in vivo mural cell imaging and mathematical modelling

Sweeney, PW; Walker-Samuel, S; Shipley, RJ; (2018) Insights into cerebral haemodynamics and oxygenation utilising in vivo mural cell imaging and mathematical modelling. Scientific Reports , 8 , Article 1373. 10.1038/s41598-017-19086-z. Green open access

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Abstract

The neurovascular mechanisms underpinning the local regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen transport remain elusive. In this study we have combined novel in vivo imaging of cortical microvascular and mural cell architecture with mathematical modelling of blood flow and oxygen transport, to provide new insights into CBF regulation that would be inaccessible in a conventional experimental context. Our study indicates that vasoconstriction of smooth muscle actin-covered vessels, rather than pericyte-covered capillaries, induces stable reductions in downstream intravascular capillary and tissue oxygenation. We also propose that seemingly paradoxical observations in the literature around reduced blood velocity in response to arteriolar constrictions might be caused by a propagation of constrictions to upstream penetrating arterioles. We provide support for pericytes acting as signalling conduits for upstream smooth muscle activation, and erythrocyte deformation as a complementary regulatory mechanism. Finally, we caution against the use of blood velocity as a proxy measurement for flow. Our combined imaging-modelling platform complements conventional experimentation allowing cerebrovascular physiology to be probed in unprecedented detail.

Type: Article
Title: Insights into cerebral haemodynamics and oxygenation utilising in vivo mural cell imaging and mathematical modelling
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-19086-z
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-19086-z
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Applied mathematics, Biomedical engineering, Computational models, Neuro–vascular interactions
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Metabolism and Experi Therapeutics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042374
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