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Inequality in Higher Education and the Labor Market

Wyness, G; Machin, S; (2017) Inequality in Higher Education and the Labor Market. In: Teixeira, P and Shin, JC, (eds.) Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. Springer: Dordrecht, Germany. Green open access

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Abstract

Understanding the link between socioeconomic status and access to higher education (HE) is an important challenge for understanding how governments can better promote social mobility. Inequality in higher education participation, coupled with a positive significant wage return to HE, has clear implications for income inequality and lower future rates of social mobility. For example, the Scandinavian countries have more equal access to higher education which, together with smaller wage differentials due to higher education in the labor market, results in a relatively equal society. On the other hand, in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States, access to higher education is highly determined by individuals’ background. This, coupled with bigger wage returns to degrees...

Type: Book chapter
Title: Inequality in Higher Education and the Labor Market
ISBN-13: 978-94-017-9553-1
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_24-1
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_167-1
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Higher education inequality; Labour market inequality; Social mobility
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Learning and Leadership > Centre for Education Policy and Equalising Opportunities
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042365
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