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Raman spectroscopic investigation of Friedel's salt

Yue, Y; Wang, JJ; Basheer, PAM; Bai, Y; (2018) Raman spectroscopic investigation of Friedel's salt. Cement and Concrete Composites , 86 pp. 306-314. 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.11.023. Green open access

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Abstract

Friedel's salt (FS) forms upon chloride binding in monosulphoaluminate (AFm) phase. This removes chlorides from the pore solution, hence, delays the initiation of steel-bar corrosion. Apparently, characterising and, in particular, monitoring the formation and the status of FS facilitate the prediction of the service life of reinforced concrete structures. Raman spectroscopy offers a potential for investigating FS. The current work characterised FS, including the synthesised pure FS, and the FS formed in a Portland cement (PC) paste powder, using a bench-mounted Raman spectrometer. The results revealed the full Raman spectra of pure FS between 200 and 4000 cm −1 , including the featured Raman bands at 534/568 cm −1 and 783 cm −1 which correspond to the Al-OH stretching and bending vibration of FS respectively. Furthermore, similar Raman bands of FS were identified in PC paste sample subjected to accelerated chloride attack, further confirming the potential of Raman spectroscopy for distinguishing FS in cementitious materials.

Type: Article
Title: Raman spectroscopic investigation of Friedel's salt
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.11.023
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.11.023
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cementitious materials, Chloride attack, Friedel’s salt, Raman spectroscopy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042101
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