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Joint Trajectories of Spousal Social Support and Depressive Symptoms in Older Age

Stafford, M; Antonucci, TC; Zaninotto, P; (2019) Joint Trajectories of Spousal Social Support and Depressive Symptoms in Older Age. Journal of Aging and Health , 31 (5) pp. 760-782. 10.1177/0898264317747077. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We describe changes in depressive symptoms and positive and negative social support from the spouse/partner in a representative sample of older people in England. METHOD: Men and women aged 50+ ( N = 7,171) from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing reported social support and depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) on up to five occasions between 2002-2003 and 2010-2011. Parallel process latent growth models estimated their bidirectional associations, adjusted for gender, wealth, education, and limiting illness. RESULTS: In age- and gender-adjusted models, positive spousal support decreased and negative support increased over time, especially among women. Greater increases over time in depressive symptoms were seen in those with lower positive support or higher negative support at baseline. More baseline depressive symptoms predicted greater declines in positive support and greater increases in negative support from the spouse. DISCUSSION: Improving older couple's relationship quality may help reduce depressive symptoms.

Type: Article
Title: Joint Trajectories of Spousal Social Support and Depressive Symptoms in Older Age
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0898264317747077
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264317747077
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: intimate partner, latent growth curve, personal relationships
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042079
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