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Modulation of intra- and inter-hemispheric connectivity between primary and premotor cortex during speech perception

Nuttall, HE; Kennedy-Higgins, D; Devlin, J; Adank, P; (2018) Modulation of intra- and inter-hemispheric connectivity between primary and premotor cortex during speech perception. Brain and Language , 187 pp. 74-82. 10.1016/j.bandl.2017.12.002. Green open access

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Abstract

Primary motor (M1) areas for speech production activate during speech perception. It has been suggested that such activation may be dependent upon modulatory inputs from premotor cortex (PMv). If and how PMv differentially modulates M1 activity during perception of speech that is easy or challenging to understand, however, is unclear. This study aimed to test the link between PMv and M1 during challenging speech perception in two experiments. The first experiment investigated intra-hemispheric connectivity between left hemisphere PMv and left M1 lip area during comprehension of speech under clear and distorted listening conditions. Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) was applied to left PMv in eighteen participants (aged 18–35). Post-cTBS, participants performed a sentence verification task on distorted (imprecisely articulated), and clear speech, whilst also undergoing stimulation of the lip representation in the left M1 to elicit motor evoked potentials (MEPs). In a second, separate experiment, we investigated the role of inter-hemispheric connectivity between right hemisphere PMv and left hemisphere M1 lip area. Dual-coil transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied to right PMv and left M1 lip in fifteen participants (aged 18–35). Results indicated that disruption of PMv during speech perception affects comprehension of distorted speech specifically. Furthermore, our data suggest that listening to distorted speech modulates the balance of intra- and inter-hemispheric interactions, with a larger sensorimotor network implicated during comprehension of distorted speech than when speech perception is optimal. The present results further understanding of PMv-M1 interactions during auditory-motor integration.

Type: Article
Title: Modulation of intra- and inter-hemispheric connectivity between primary and premotor cortex during speech perception
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bandl.2017.12.002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2017.12.002
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10041636
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