UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

A multicenter case registry study on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in patients with advanced cancer

Schiodt, M; Vadhan-Raj, S; Chambers, MS; Nicolatou-Galitis, O; Politis, C; Coropciuc, R; Fedele, S; ... Saunders, DP; + view all (2018) A multicenter case registry study on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in patients with advanced cancer. Supportive Care in Cancer , 26 pp. 1905-1915. 10.1007/s00520-017-4003-2. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Fedele_10.1007%2Fs00520-017-4003-2.pdf - Published version

Download (508kB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: This observational case registry study was designed to describe the natural history of cancer patients with medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and evaluate the ONJ resolution rate. METHODS: Adults with a diagnosis of cancer and with a new diagnosis of ONJ were enrolled and evaluated by a dental specialist at baseline and every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years until death, consent withdrawal, or loss to follow-up. The primary endpoint was the rate and time course of ONJ resolution. Secondary endpoints included frequency of incident ONJ risk factors, ONJ treatment patterns, and treatment patterns of antiresorptive agents for subsequent ONJ. RESULTS: Overall, 327 patients were enrolled; 207 (63%) were continuing on study at data cutoff. Up to 69% of evaluable patients with ONJ had resolution or improvement during the study. ONJ resolution (AAOMS ONJ staging criteria) was observed in 114 patients (35%); median (interquartile range) time from ONJ onset to resolution was 7.3 (4.5-11.4) months. Most patients (97%) had received antiresorptive medication before ONJ development, 9 patients (3%) had not; 68% had received zoledronic acid, 38% had received denosumab, and 10% had received pamidronate (56% had received bisphosphonates only, 18% had received denosumab only, and 21% had exposure to both). CONCLUSIONS: These results are consistent with those observed in clinical trials evaluating skeletal-related events in patients with advanced malignancy involving bone. Longer follow-up will provide further information on ONJ recurrence and resolution rates between medically and surgically managed patients.

Type: Article
Title: A multicenter case registry study on medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in patients with advanced cancer
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00520-017-4003-2
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-017-4003-2
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2017 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Bisphosphonates, Denosumab, Osteonecrosis of the jaw, Outcomes, Risk factors, Treatment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > EDI MaxFac, Diagnostic, Med and Surg Sci
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040751
Downloads since deposit
27Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item