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Dynamics and Logics of Civil War

Cederman, L-E; Vogt, M; (2017) Dynamics and Logics of Civil War. Journal of Conflict Resolution , 61 (9) pp. 1992-2016. 10.1177/0022002717721385. Green open access

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Abstract

This article reviews the literature on civil war. We focus on the most recent period of scholarly activity, beginning in the early 2000s when the publication of prominent quantitative studies triggered a surge in the empirical research of civil war as a well-defined conceptual category. We identify three explanatory logics that have dominated much of this literature and that view civil wars as a consequence of greed, grievances, and opportunities, respectively. We evaluate the arguments and findings of these theoretical approaches with respect to each of the main phases of war: outbreak, wartime dynamics, conflict termination, and postwar recovery. The article concludes by identifying key challenges confronting future civil war research. In particular, we emphasize the continuing need to advance theories that bridge the main explanatory logics as well as the different phases of conflict. Researchers should also pay more attention to defining the appropriate spatiotemporal scope of their studies.

Type: Article
Title: Dynamics and Logics of Civil War
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0022002717721385
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022002717721385
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Civil wars, conflict resolution, rebellion, civilian casualties, bargaining, internal armed conflict, war outcomes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Political Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040601
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