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The transcript cleavage factor paralogue TFS4 is a potent RNA polymerase inhibitor

Fouqueau, T; Blombach, F; Hartman, R; Cheung, ACM; Young, MJ; Werner, F; (2017) The transcript cleavage factor paralogue TFS4 is a potent RNA polymerase inhibitor. Nature Communications , 8 , Article 1914. 10.1038/s41467-017-02081-3. Green open access

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Abstract

TFIIS-like transcript cleavage factors enhance the processivity and fidelity of archaeal and eukaryotic RNA polymerases. Sulfolobus solfataricus TFS1 functions as a bona fide cleavage factor, while the paralogous TFS4 evolved into a potent RNA polymerase inhibitor. TFS4 destabilises the TBP-TFB-RNAP pre-initiation complex and inhibits transcription initiation and elongation. All inhibitory activities are dependent on three lysine residues at the tip of the C-terminal zinc ribbon of TFS4; the inhibition likely involves an allosteric component and is mitigated by the basal transcription factor TFEα/β. A chimeric variant of yeast TFIIS and TFS4 inhibits RNAPII transcription, suggesting that the molecular basis of inhibition is conserved between archaea and eukaryotes. TFS4 expression in S. solfataricus is induced in response to infection with the S ulfolobus turreted icosahedral virus. Our results reveal a compelling functional diversification of cleavage factors in archaea, and provide novel insights into transcription inhibition in the context of the host-virus relationship.

Type: Article
Title: The transcript cleavage factor paralogue TFS4 is a potent RNA polymerase inhibitor
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-017-02081-3
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02081-3
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commonslicense, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’sCreative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040070
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