UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Comparison of built environment adaptations to heat exposure and mortality during hot weather, West Midlands region, UK

Taylor, J; Wilkinson, P; Picetti, R; Symonds, P; Heaviside, C; Macintyre, HL; Davies, M; ... Hutchinson, E; + view all (2018) Comparison of built environment adaptations to heat exposure and mortality during hot weather, West Midlands region, UK. Environment International , 111 pp. 287-294. 10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.005. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
West Midlands Heat Adaptation.pdf - Accepted version

Download (379kB) | Preview

Abstract

There is growing recognition of the need to improve protection against the adverse health effects of hot weather in the context of climate change. We quantify the impact of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and selected adaptation measures made to dwellings on temperature exposure and mortality in the West Midlands region of the UK. We used 1) building physics models to assess indoor temperatures, initially in the existing housing stock and then following adaptation measures (energy efficiency building fabric upgrades and/or window shutters), of representative dwelling archetypes using data from the English Housing Survey (EHS), and 2) modelled UHI effect on outdoor temperatures. The ages of residents were combined with evidence on the heat-mortality relationship to estimate mortality risk and to quantify population-level changes in risk following adaptations to reduce summertime heat exposure. Results indicate that the UHI effect accounts for an estimated 21% of mortality. External shutters may reduce heat-related mortality by 30-60% depending on weather conditions, while shutters in conjunction with energy-efficient retrofitting may reduce risk by up to 52%. The use of shutters appears to be one of the most effective measures providing protection against heat-related mortality during periods of high summer temperatures, although their effectiveness may be limited under extreme temperatures. Energy efficiency adaptations to the dwellings and measures to increase green space in the urban environment to combat the UHI effect appear to be less beneficial for reducing heat-related mortality.

Type: Article
Title: Comparison of built environment adaptations to heat exposure and mortality during hot weather, West Midlands region, UK
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.005
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.005
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Adaptation, Dwellings, Heat, Indoor temperature, Mortality, Urban Heat Island
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10039385
Downloads since deposit
111Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item