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Epigenetics of complex traits and diseases

Breeze, Charles E; (2017) Epigenetics of complex traits and diseases. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Thousands of genetic and epigenetic variants have been identified for many common diseases including cancer through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS). To advance the complex interpretation of both GWAS and EWAS results, I developed new software tools (FORGE2 and eFORGE) for the analysis and interpretation of GWAS and EWAS data, respectively. Both tools determine the cell type-specific regulatory component of a set of target regions (either GWAS-identified genetic variants or EWAS-identified differentially methylated positions). This is achieved by detecting enrichment of overlap with histone mark peaks or DNase I hypersensitive sites across hundreds of tissues, primary cell types, and cell lines from the ENCODE, Roadmap Epigenomics, and BLUEPRINT projects. Application of both tools to publicly available datasets identified novel disease-relevant cell types for many common diseases, a stem cell-like signature in cancer EWAS, and also demonstrated the ability to detect cell-composition effects for EWAS performed on heterogeneous tissues. To complement these bioinformatics efforts and validate selected variants predicted by FORGE2, eFORGE and additional analyses, I performed conformation capture using 4C-seq to fine-map the 3D context of the genomic regions involved, uncovering novel interactions for autoimmunity-associated variants and IKZF3.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Epigenetics of complex traits and diseases
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038878
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