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Counterfactual Fairness

Kusner, MJ; Russell, C; Loftus, J; Silva, R; (2017) Counterfactual Fairness. In: Guyon, I and Luxburg, UV and Bengio, S and Wallach, H and Fergus, R and Vishwanathan, S and Garnett, R, (eds.) Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 30 (NIPS 2017). NIPS Proceedings: Long Beach, CA, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Machine learning can impact people with legal or ethical consequences when it is used to automate decisions in areas such as insurance, lending, hiring, and predictive policing. In many of these scenarios, previous decisions have been made that are unfairly biased against certain subpopulations, for example those of a particular race, gender, or sexual orientation. Since this past data may be biased, machine learning predictors must account for this to avoid perpetuating or creating discriminatory practices. In this paper, we develop a framework for modeling fairness using tools from causal inference. Our definition of counterfactual fairness captures the intuition that a decision is fair towards an individual if it the same in (a) the actual world and (b) a counterfactual world where the individual belonged to a different demographic group. We demonstrate our framework on a real-world problem of fair prediction of success in law school.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Counterfactual Fairness
Event: Neural Information Processing Systems 2017
Dates: 04 December 2017 - 09 December 2017
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://papers.nips.cc/paper/6995-counterfactual-f...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Statistical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038509
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