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Preference for Solitude, Social Isolation, Suicidal Ideation, and Self-Harm in Adolescents

Endo, K; Ando, S; Shimodera, S; Yamasaki, S; Usami, S; Okazaki, Y; Sasaki, T; ... Nishida, A; + view all (2017) Preference for Solitude, Social Isolation, Suicidal Ideation, and Self-Harm in Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health , 61 (2) pp. 187-191. 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.02.018. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Social isolation is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and self-harm (SH) among adolescents. However, the association between preference for solitude (PfS), SI, and SH is unknown. The prevalence of adolescents who have both of PfS and social isolation and the risks for SI and SH among them are also unknown. METHODS: Information on PfS, social isolation, SI, and SH was collected in a large-scale school-based survey on adolescents, using a self-report questionnaire. Associations between PfS, SI, and SH were examined by logistic regression analysis. The interactions between PfS and social isolation on SI and SH were also investigated. The odds of SI and SH were examined for groups defined by presence of PfS and social isolation. RESULTS: Responses from 17,437 students (89.3% of relevant classes) were available. After adjusting for demographic characteristics and social isolation, PfS was associated with increased odds of SI (odds ratio [OR] = 3.1) and SH (OR = 1.9). There was no interaction between PfS and social isolation on SI and SH. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, the odds for SI (OR = 8.6) and SH (OR = 3.8) were highest among adolescents with both PfS and social isolation (8.4% of all respondents). CONCLUSIONS: PfS was associated with increased odds of SI and SH in adolescents. No interaction effect between PfS and social isolation on SI and SH was found, but adolescents with PfS and social isolation had the highest risk for SI and SH. Parents and professionals should pay attention to suicide risk in adolescents with PfS.

Type: Article
Title: Preference for Solitude, Social Isolation, Suicidal Ideation, and Self-Harm in Adolescents
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.02.018
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.02.018
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Social Sciences, Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Psychology, Developmental, Public, Environmental & Occupational Health, Pediatrics, Psychology, Preference for solitude, Social isolation, Suicidal ideation, Self-harm, Adolescence, Young-People, Withdrawal, Childhood
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038350
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