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CTLA-4: a moving target in immunotherapy

Rowshanravan, B; Halliday, N; Sansom, DM; (2018) CTLA-4: a moving target in immunotherapy. Blood , 131 (1) pp. 58-67. 10.1182/blood-2017-06-741033. Green open access

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Abstract

CD28 and CTLA-4 are members of a family of Immunoglobulin-related receptors that are responsible for various aspects of T cell immune regulation. The family includes CD28, CTLA-4 and ICOS as well as other proteins including PD-1, BTLA and TIGIT. These receptors have both stimulatory (CD28, ICOS) as well as inhibitory roles (CTLA-4, PD-1, BTLA and TIGIT) in T cell function. Increasingly these pathways are targeted as part of immune modulatory strategies to treat cancers, referred to generically as immune checkpoint blockade, and conversely to treat autoimmunity and CTLA-4 deficiency. Here we focus on the biology of the CD28/CTLA-4 pathway as a framework for understanding the impacts of therapeutic manipulation of this pathway.

Type: Article
Title: CTLA-4: a moving target in immunotherapy
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1182/blood-2017-06-741033
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2017-06-741033
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inst for Liver and Digestive Hlth
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038340
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