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Relationship between myosin heavy chain fibre type and restoration of dystrophin expression and key components of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex by Tricyclo-DNA mediated exon skipping

Omairi, S; Hau, K-L; Collin-Hooper, H; Montanaro, F; Goyenvalle, A; Garcia, L; Patel, K; (2017) Relationship between myosin heavy chain fibre type and restoration of dystrophin expression and key components of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex by Tricyclo-DNA mediated exon skipping. Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids 10.1016/j.omtn.2017.10.014. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Exon skipping mediated by tricyclo-DNA (tc-DNA) antisense oligonucleotides has been shown to induce significant levels of dystrophin restoration in mdx, a mouse model of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. This translates into significant improvement in key disease indicators in muscle, cardio-respiratory function, heart and the central nervous system. Here we examine the relationship between muscle fibre type, based on Myosin Heavy chain profile, and the ability of tc-DNA to restore not only dystrophin but also other members of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex (DAPC). We first profiled this relationship in untreated mdx muscle and found that all fibre types support reversion events to a dystrophin positive state, in an unbiased manner. Importantly, we show that only a small fraction of revertant fibres expressed other members of the DAPC. Immunoblot analysis of protein levels, however, revealed robust expression of these components, which failed to correctly localise to the sarcolemma. We then show that tc-DNA treatment leads to nearly all fibres expressing not only dystrophin but also other key components of the DAPC. Of significance, our work shows that MHC fibre type does not bias the expression of any of these important proteins. This work also highlights that the improved muscle physiology following tc-DNA treatment reported previously results from the complete restoration of the dystrophin complex in all MHCII fibres with equal efficiencies.

Type: Article
Title: Relationship between myosin heavy chain fibre type and restoration of dystrophin expression and key components of the dystrophin-associated glycoprotein complex by Tricyclo-DNA mediated exon skipping
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.omtn.2017.10.014
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.omtn.2017.10.014
Language: English
Additional information: Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH Developmental Neurosciences Prog
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10037649
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