UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Are you getting sick? Predicting influenza-like symptoms using human mobility behaviors

Barlacchi, G; Perentis, C; Mehrotra, A; Musolesi, M; Lepri, B; (2017) Are you getting sick? Predicting influenza-like symptoms using human mobility behaviors. EPJ Data Science , 6 , Article 27. 10.1140/epjds/s13688-017-0124-6. Green open access

[thumbnail of Musolesi_Barlacchi_Are_you_getting_sick (1).pdf]
Preview
Text
Musolesi_Barlacchi_Are_you_getting_sick (1).pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Understanding and modeling the mobility of individuals is of paramount importance for public health. In particular, mobility characterization is key to predict the spatial and temporal diffusion of human-transmitted infections. However, the mobility behavior of a person can also reveal relevant information about her/his health conditions. In this paper, we study the impact of people mobility behaviors for predicting the future presence of flu-like and cold symptoms (i.e. fever, sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, headache, muscle pain, malaise, and cold). To this end, we use the mobility traces from mobile phones and the daily self-reported flu-like and cold symptoms of 29 individuals from February 20, 2013 to March 21, 2013. First of all, we demonstrate that daily symptoms of an individual can be predicted by using his/her mobility trace characteristics (e.g. total displacement, radius of gyration, number of unique visited places, etc.). Then, we present and validate models that are able to successfully predict the future presence of symptoms by analyzing the mobility patterns of our individuals. The proposed methodology could have a societal impact opening the way to customized mobile phone applications, which may detect and suggest to the user specific actions in order to prevent disease spreading and minimize the risk of contagion.

Type: Article
Title: Are you getting sick? Predicting influenza-like symptoms using human mobility behaviors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1140/epjds/s13688-017-0124-6
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1140/epjds/s13688-017-0124-6
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Social Sciences, Physical Sciences, Mathematics, Interdisciplinary Applications, Social Sciences, Mathematical Methods, Mathematics, Mathematical Methods In Social Sciences, computational health, human mobility, predictive models
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10036587
Downloads since deposit
0Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item