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Drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions in polypharmacy among older adults: an integrative review

Soares Rodrigues, MC; de Oliveira, C; (2016) Drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions in polypharmacy among older adults: an integrative review. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 24 , Article e2800. 10.1590/1518-8345.1316.2800. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To identify and summarize studies examining both drug-drug interactions (DDI) and adverse drug reactions (ADR) in older adults polymedicated. METHODS: An integrative review of studies published from January 2008 to December 2013, according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, in MEDLINE and EMBASE electronic databases were performed. RESULTS: Forty-seven full-text studies including 14,624,492 older adults (≥ 60 years) were analyzed: 24 (51.1%) concerning ADR, 14 (29.8%) DDI, and 9 studies (19.1%) investigating both DDI and ADR. We found a variety of methodological designs. The reviewed studies reinforced that polypharmacy is a multifactorial process, and predictors and inappropriate prescribing are associated with negative health outcomes, as increasing the frequency and types of ADRs and DDIs involving different drug classes, moreover, some studies show the most successful interventions to optimize prescribing. CONCLUSIONS: DDI and ADR among older adults continue to be a significant issue in the worldwide. The findings from the studies included in this integrative review, added to the previous reviews, can contribute to the improvement of advanced practices in geriatric nursing, to promote the safety of older patients in polypharmacy. However, more research is needed to elucidate gaps.

Type: Article
Title: Drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions in polypharmacy among older adults: an integrative review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1590/1518-8345.1316.2800
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1316.2800
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Aged; Polypharmacy; Evidence-Based Practice; Review
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10034706
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