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Policy Development: An Analysis of Disability Inclusion in a Selection of African Union Policies Inclusive

Lang, R; Schneider, M; Kett, M; Cole, E; Groce, N; (2017) Policy Development: An Analysis of Disability Inclusion in a Selection of African Union Policies Inclusive. Development Policy Review 10.1111/dpr.12323. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Contemporary debates in international development discourse are concerned with the non-tokenistic inclusion and participation of marginalised groups in the policy-making process in developing countries. This is directly relevant to disabled people in Africa, which is the focus on this article. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities delineates the principles of inclusion in society. Furthermore, the African Union (AU) plays a key role in advising its Member States and with regard to disability issues, whose advice should be reflected in disability-inclusive policies. This paper analyses nine policy or strategy documents produced by the AU, covering the policy domains of education, health, employment and social protection that are crucial to the development of disabled people. These were analysed according to seven discrete elements (rights, accessibility, inclusivity, implementation plans, budgetary allocations, enforcement and disaggregated management information systems) using a rating scale of one to four with four being the highest level of inclusion. The process (for example, level of consultation), the context (for example, the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals) and actors involved in the policy development were reviewed as far as was possible from the documents. None of the policies reached even 50% of the total possible score, indicating poor levels genuine of inclusion. Rights scored a highest rating but this is still at a low level. This suggests that there is recognition of the rights of disabled people to inclusion, but this is not generally integrated within inclusive implementation plans, budgetary allocations, enforcement mechanisms and disaggregated management information systems for monitoring. The limited socio-economic inclusion of disability within AU policies is indeed a lost opportunity that should be reviewed and rectified. The findings have broader ramifications for the non-tokenistic and genuine involvement of poor and marginalised groups in the international policy-making arena.

Type: Article
Title: Policy Development: An Analysis of Disability Inclusion in a Selection of African Union Policies Inclusive
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/dpr.12323
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12323
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Authors 2017. Development Policy Review © 2017 Overseas Development Institute. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10028055
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