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Cross-sectional Integration of the Water-energy Nexus in Brazil

Semertzidis, T; Spataru, C; Bleischwitz, R; (2018) Cross-sectional Integration of the Water-energy Nexus in Brazil. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems , 6 (1) pp. 114-128. 10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0169. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper analyses the cross-sectoral integration of the water-energy nexus in Brazil. Recent droughts resulted in unprecedented water scarcity. This caused water shortages for population and agriculture, as well as for electricity production (hydropower being the main source of electricity production). As a result, the system became more vulnerable to blackouts. To alleviate the problem, fossil fuels were used as a back up. Droughts, floods and other water-related problems will not dissipate as time goes by in Brazil. The dependency on one single predominant source (hydropower) makes Brazil’s electricity supply vulnerable. This study shows through data analysis, flow diagrams and metrics the interrelation between water and energy. Based on historical data, the analysis shows the importance of the water demand for hydropower, cooling for thermal plants, and the extraction and production of biofuels, as well as of the energy demand of water services (water supply, wastewater treatment).

Type: Article
Title: Cross-sectional Integration of the Water-energy Nexus in Brazil
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0169
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.d5.0169
Language: English
Additional information: © SDEWES.ORG All rights reserved 2018. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) License. For more information please visit http://www.sdewes.org/jsdewes/copyright.php
Keywords: Water-energy nexus, Brazil, Resource flows, Metrics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10027994
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