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Who Benefits from Universal Childcare? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Childcare Attendance

Cornelissen, T; Dustmann, C; Raute, A; Schoenberg, U; (2018) Who Benefits from Universal Childcare? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Childcare Attendance. Journal of Political Economy , 126 (6) pp. 2356-2409. 10.1086/699979.

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Abstract

We examine heterogeneous treatment effects of a universal child care program in Germany by exploiting variation in attendance caused by a reform that led to a large expansion staggered across municipalities. Drawing on novel administrative data from the full population of compulsory school entry examinations, we find that children with lower (observed and unobserved) gains are more likely to select into child care than children with higher gains. Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend child care than children from advantaged backgrounds but have larger treatment effects because of their worse outcome when not enrolled in child care.

Type: Article
Title: Who Benefits from Universal Childcare? Estimating Marginal Returns to Early Childcare Attendance
DOI: 10.1086/699979
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1086/699979
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10027921
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