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Clinical and demographic differences between patients with manic, depressive and schizophrenia-spectrum psychoses presenting to Early Intervention Services in London

Kapila, A; Fisher, HL; Johnson, S; Major, B; Rahaman, N; Joyce, J; Chamberlain-Kent, N; ... Stone, JM; + view all (2017) Clinical and demographic differences between patients with manic, depressive and schizophrenia-spectrum psychoses presenting to Early Intervention Services in London. Early Intervention in Psychiatry 10.1111/eip.12511. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

AIM: To investigate the relationship between the presenting clinical and demographic characteristics in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients with their clinical diagnostic grouping 1 year later. METHODS: Data from 1014 first-presentation psychosis patients from seven London-based Early Intervention Services were extracted from the MiData audit database. Associations between clinical and demographic measures at presentation and clinical diagnosis made at 1 year were assessed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Chi-square tests. RESULTS: The sample comprised 76% of patients with schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses, 9% with manic psychoses (MP) and 6% with depressive psychoses. Compared to the other 2 groups, patients who were diagnosed as having MP were younger, with higher education and shorter duration of untreated psychosis, and had higher Young Mania Rating Scale scores at presentation and lower Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) negative scores. Patients diagnosed at 1 year as having depressive psychosis were older and more likely to be white, with the lowest PANSS positive scores at baseline. Patients diagnosed at 1 year as having schizophrenia spectrum diagnoses were more likely to be males. Patients in the 3 diagnostic subgroups of psychosis differed on both clinical and demographic characteristics at presentation. CONCLUSIONS: There were significant clinical and demographic differences at presentation between FEP patients who received different clinical diagnoses at 1 year. Future work should determine the extent to which these differences can be used to guide clinical care.

Type: Article
Title: Clinical and demographic differences between patients with manic, depressive and schizophrenia-spectrum psychoses presenting to Early Intervention Services in London
Location: Australia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/eip.12511
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12511
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: bipolar affective disorder, depressive psychosis, diagnosis, first-episode psychosis, major depressive disorder, manic psychosis, schizophrenia
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10027403
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