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Compositional observations for Islamic Glass from Sīrāf, Iran, in the Corning Museum of Glass collection

Swan, CM; Rehren, T; Lankton, J; Gratuze, B; Brill, RH; (2017) Compositional observations for Islamic Glass from Sīrāf, Iran, in the Corning Museum of Glass collection. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports , 16 pp. 102-116. 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.08.020. Green open access

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Abstract

The medieval port city of Sīrāf (ca. 800–1050 CE) on the north coast of the Persian/Arabian Gulf linked the core lands of the ‘Abbāsid caliphate with India, China, Africa, and beyond. 101 glass fragments recovered from the 1966–1973 excavations at Sīrāf and now at the Corning Museum of Glass were analysed using LA-ICPMS in order to explore the glassmaking raw materials and technology of the objects found within the city, as well as to address issues of the production and trade of glass during the Islamic period. The results indicate that the main groups of glass at Sīrāf likely date to the 9th–early 11th centuries and can be subdivided by the trace elements zirconium and chromium. Chemical matches with some likely Indian glass, and with glass finds from South and Southeast Asia, underline the pivotal role of the Gulf in the eastward movement of Islamic glass via the Indian Ocean trade network, as well as the influx of Indian glass into the Islamic world. Glass bangles and a small number of vessel fragments likely date to the late 11th century or later, and their chemical compositions indicate different production origins.

Type: Article
Title: Compositional observations for Islamic Glass from Sīrāf, Iran, in the Corning Museum of Glass collection
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.08.020
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.08.020
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Sīrāf, Siraf, Iran,Gulf, Islamic glass, Bangles, Indian Ocean trade, LA-ICPMS, Zirconium, Chromium, ManganeseHigh alumina
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10025740
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