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Nanoscale, Conformal Films of Graphitic Carbon Nitride Deposited at Room Temperature: A method for construction of heterojunction devices

Ladva, SA; Travis, W; Quesada-Cabrera, R; Rosillo-Lopez, M; Afandi, A; Li, Y; Jackman, RB; ... Palgrave, RG; + view all (2017) Nanoscale, Conformal Films of Graphitic Carbon Nitride Deposited at Room Temperature: A method for construction of heterojunction devices. Nanoscale , 9 (43) pp. 16586-16590. 10.1039/C7NR06489F. Green open access

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Abstract

Graphitic carbon nitrides (GCNs) represent a family of 2D materials composed of carbon and nitrogen with variable amounts of hydrogen, used in a wide variety of applications. We report a method of room temperature thin film deposition which allows ordered GCN layers to be deposited on a very wide variety of substrates, including conductive glass, flexible plastics, nanoparticles and nano-structured surfaces, where they form a highly conformal coating on the nanoscale. Film thicknesses of below 20 nm are achievable. In this way we construct functional nanoscale heterojunctions between TiO2 nanoparticles and GCN, capable of producing H2 photocatalytically under visible light irradiation. Films are hydrogen rich, have a band gap around 1.6 eV, display transmission electron microscopy lattice fringes and X-ray diffraction peaks despite being deposited at room temperature, and show characteristic Raman and IR bands. We use cluster etching to reveal the chemical environments of C and N in GCN using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We elucidate the mechanism of this deposition, which operates via sequential surface adsorption and reaction analogous to atomic layer deposition. The mechanism may have implications for current models of carbon nitride formation.

Type: Article
Title: Nanoscale, Conformal Films of Graphitic Carbon Nitride Deposited at Room Temperature: A method for construction of heterojunction devices
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR06489F
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1039/C7NR06489F
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access Article: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10024905
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