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Targeted genome editing restores T cell differentiation in a humanized X-SCID pluripotent stem cell disease model

Alzubi, J; Pallant, C; Mussolino, C; Howe, SJ; Thrasher, AJ; Cathomen, T; (2017) Targeted genome editing restores T cell differentiation in a humanized X-SCID pluripotent stem cell disease model. Scientific Reports , 7 (1) , Article 12475. 10.1038/s41598-017-12750-4. Green open access

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Abstract

The generation of T cells from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) is attractive for investigating T cell development and validating genome editing strategies in vitro. X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) is an immune disorder caused by mutations in the IL2RG gene and characterised by the absence of T and NK cells in patients. IL2RG encodes the common gamma chain, which is part of several interleukin receptors, including IL-2 and IL-7 receptors. To model X-SCID in vitro, we generated a mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) line in which a disease-causing human IL2RG gene variant replaces the endogenous Il2rg locus. We developed a stage-specific T cell differentiation protocol to validate genetic correction of the common G691A mutation with transcription activator-like effector nucleases. While all ESC clones could be differentiated to hematopoietic precursor cells, stage-specific analysis of T cell maturation confirmed early arrest of T cell differentiation at the T cell progenitor stage in X-SCID cells. In contrast, genetically corrected ESCs differentiated to CD4 + or CD8 + single-positive T cells, confirming correction of the cellular X-SCID phenotype. This study emphasises the value of PSCs for disease modelling and underlines the significance of in vitro models as tools to validate genome editing strategies before clinical application.

Type: Article
Title: Targeted genome editing restores T cell differentiation in a humanized X-SCID pluripotent stem cell disease model
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-12750-4
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-12750-4
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10024722
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