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Effect of Solvent Extraction Parameters on the Recovery of Oil From Spent Coffee Grounds for Biofuel Production

Efthymiopoulos, I; Hellier, P; Ladommatos, N; Kay, A; Mills-Lamptey, B; (2017) Effect of Solvent Extraction Parameters on the Recovery of Oil From Spent Coffee Grounds for Biofuel Production. Waste and Biomass Valorization 10.1007/s12649-017-0061-4. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Spent coffee grounds (SCG) are a potentially valuable source of lipids for sustainable production of biofuels. However, there are several feedstock properties and solvent extraction parameters that can impact on the oil yield and quality, potentially reducing the possible environmental benefits of deriving oils from this waste stream. This study presents results of laboratory and pilot plant scale experimental investigations into lipid recovery from spent coffee, determining the effects of solvent extraction variables including duration, SCG-to-solvent ratio and SCG residual moisture. SCG samples from both the industrial production of instant coffee and retail coffee shops were characterized in terms of moisture content, particle size distribution and oil content to identify the impact of these variables on the efficiency of lipid recovery by solvent extraction. The dry weight oil content of the instant SCG samples ranged from 24.2 to 30.4% w/w, while the retail SCG samples contained considerably lower amounts of lipids with their oil content ranging between 13.4 and 14.8% w/w. The highest oil yields were found at an extraction duration of 8 h, while a moisture content of ~2% w/w led to increased yields relative to completely dry samples. A pattern of increasing acidity with decreasing extraction duration was observed, suggesting preferential extraction of free fatty acids (FFA), with the fatty acid (FA) profile of the oil found to be similar to lipids commonly utilized for biofuel production.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of Solvent Extraction Parameters on the Recovery of Oil From Spent Coffee Grounds for Biofuel Production
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12649-017-0061-4
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12649-017-0061-4
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Author(s). This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Spent coffee grounds; Solvent extraction; Biodiesel; Coffee lipids; Fatty acid profile; Free fatty acids
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Mechanical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10022792
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